May 13, 2020

Agronomy Update: Were You Impacted By The Freeze Event?

BY Dairyland Seed
New Seeding Alfalfa Cold/Frost Tolerance

As most alfalfa producers may have previously experienced, frost can nip some leaves on an established stand, and if the temperatures are below 26°F for a few hours, this may impact stems. If stems are affected on established plants, they will have regrowth coming from the crown buds, at the base of the plant.

New seedling Alfalfa much like an established stand can handle cooler temperatures of about 26°F, however four hours or more at these temperatures can kill these seedlings. This cold tolerance in new seedlings declines rapidly when the plant reaches the 2nd trifoliate leaf stage (two fully developed trifoliate leaves). Once these seedlings develop a more robust crown and root system, they will again be more cold/frost tolerant.

As always, if you have questions regarding this or other Agronomic topics, please contact your local Dairyland Seed Agronomist.

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POOR STANDS: Leave Alone, INTER-PLANT/Patch or Tear Up & Start Over?
It Makes Your Head Hurt!

One of the most difficult decisions to make for agronomists and growers is what to do with fields with poor stands. First and foremost, try to rule out the emotional aspect of managing fields with less than ideal stands. Many factors come in to play when assessing the best thing to do.  Leave it alone, inter-plant or patch in, or tear it up and start over are the decisions to be considered when stands are poor. Decisions should be based on facts -not emotions. Of course, many of these types of decisions depend on the calendar.

Facts needed to make wise economic decisions on what to do with poor stands should include the population of healthy plants and consistency of the stand throughout the field, original calendar date of planting and the percent of yield estimates for that date. Also, percent of yield based on the replant date that can be expected if you start over.

In 2018 we conducted a simulated corn and soybean replant study at Dairyland Seed’s Research Farm in Wabash, Indiana.  The research project shows the response to multiple management scenarios for managing poor stands for 2018 in Wabash, Indiana.

Corn simulated replant study:

Hybrid

Treatment

Yield bu./ac. Average

DS-6008

#1

Full pop

250.6

DS-6008

#2

2/3 pop

219.4

DS-6008

#3

Inter-plant

226.1

DS-6008

#4

Delayed

260.1

DS-9510RA

#1

Full pop

246.3

DS-9510RA

#2

2/3 pop

202.3

DS-9510RA

#3

Inter-plant

205.4

DS-9510RA

#4

Delayed

241.1

Soybean simulated replant study:

Yield (bu./ac.)

Rep

#1
Full Pop

#2
2/3 pop

#3
Inter-plant

#4
Delay Plant

1

56.5

61.5

57.7

47.2

2

62.1

68.5

68.0

53.4

3

49.8

51.6

50.5

50.3

4

72.1

65.8

61.7

54.3

5

53.6

58.6

60.3

57.8

6

62.1

60.9

59.2

58.8

7

72.4

75.3

68.8

62.9

8

74.1

75.9

69.8

64.3

9

77.5

71.2

69.0

66.7

10

79.4

72.5

72.5

70.5

Average

66.0

66.2

63.8

58.6

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Cold Weather Update

The remainder of this week’s newsletter is filled with air and soil temperature data from around the Midwest. Hourly information, when available, is presented here. Daily averages are included for a few other places around the Midwest.  Not only do we see the influences of geographic location, but also soil type. Sandy soils contain more air than other types, so you will note high daily soil temp swings.

Main takeaways:

Data Sources:

https://mrcc.illinois.edu/gismaps/networkvariables.htm, https://mawn.geo.msu.edu/, https://climate.sdstate.edu/archive, https://www.isws.illinois.edu/, https://sroc.cfans.umn.edu/, https://ndawn.ndsu.nodak.edu/

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Corteva Technology Use Agreements

All growers with orders for any Corteva Agriscience brand seed product, regardless of crop or trait (including non-GM products) need to have a signed Corteva Technology Use Agreement in place by September 1. Growers should sign the Corteva Technology Use Agreement electronically at www.agcelerate.com. Signing electronically is preferable, however, paper copies are available at www.traitstewardship.com.

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Brian Weller
Western Region
507.456.3034
Dan Ritter
Central Region
219.863.0583
Branden Furseth
Northern Region
608.513.4265
Rod King
Eastern Region
574.596.6721
Terry Jones
Eastern Region
419.630.3115

enjoying our Agronomy Updates?  suggestions for topics you'd like us to weigh in on?  Drop us an email at dairylandseed@dairylandseed.com.  We'd love to hear from you!
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