June 25, 2020

Agronomy Update: 2020 Crop Off To A Good Start

BY Dairyland Seed
Late Vegetative Crop Development

The 2020 crop is off to a good start and approaching an exciting time of the season. Fieldwork in our corn and soybean fields is about to hit a lull as we wrap up herbicide and nitrogen applications; a great time to sit back and watch rapid development, nearly on a daily basis.

As the soybean crop passes through the V1-3 growth stages, nitrogen fixation kicks in, and we pass that “nervous yellow phase” that always triggers questions and comments from the field. Patience usually prevails and the soybeans turn darker green with just a few root nodules. 30-40 days after emergence, the V4-5 stages coincide with the beginning of rapid growth and biomass accumulation. Flowering also kicks in at this time, lasting for three to four weeks. Since we plant indeterminate soybeans in the upper Midwest, vegetative growth will continue through flowering into full pod or early seed fill.

Our corn fields are also approaching that rapid growth and nutrient uptake phase with a quick run to tasseling. Much of our crop is past the V5 stage when the growing point starts to elevate above the soil surface. This increases susceptibility to environmental risks and is the reason for many of the 12 inch height restrictions on herbicide labels. The number of kernel rows on the ear is developing by the V7 stage and rapid N uptake begins at V8. Are your N applications done? V10-12 is when brace roots develop and is the critical point for establishing the potential number of kernels in each kernel row on the ear. The tassel appears 50-60 days after emergence, the final vegetative stage. Days later, R1 begins with the emergence of silks on the ear shoots.

Stress factors at any of these stages can impact yield according to what is going on in the plant. We have all worked hard to do what we can to reduce stress on our crop to this point, now let’s hope for timely rain and abundant sunshine as Mother Nature takes over!

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Tattle Tale Crops

Some years we can get by with a lot of mistakes. Other years everything we did wrong is on display for the whole world to see. This could be one of those years.

Recent hot, dry conditions have highlighted a few issues we have in our fields.

With the all the growing challenges mentioned above, most fields are getting established now.  What once were yellow fields with uneven stands have turned the corner and have a healthy green color.  In select instances we needed the corn to reach the Nitrogen already.  Yet others we needed to get it side dressed and perhaps add other soil amendments such as Sulphur. Fortunately, we have had a few days for the soil amendments that we applied to take affect and the plants are responding.  Yes, your agronomy team did get that one correct!  So, let’s keep the “adequate” precipitation coming and harvest a tremendous crop in 2020.

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Post-Emerge Weed Control Notes

We are in the thick of post-emergence weed control on soybeans.  Here are a few comments, focused especially on the Enlist™ weed control system.

This is the first year of widespread use of the Enlist™ weed control system, and it certainly is timely!  The Enlist™ weed control system offers an excellent system in all ways:  excellent genetics, very strong agronomic packages on Enlist E3™ soybean varieties, and the most robust weed control system available.

There are many resources available help you utilize Enlist™ weed control system properly.  We list several of those resources below and encourage you to take advantage of them.

A couple of comments:

Call us if you have more questions or concerns.  The Enlist™ weed control system is THE system going forward. Let’s learn to use it properly and steward the system appropriately.

Resources for Public Use

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Corteva Technology Use Agreements

All growers with orders for any Corteva Agriscience brand seed product, regardless of crop or trait (including non-GM products) need to have a signed Corteva Technology Use Agreement in place by September 1. Growers should sign the Corteva Technology Use Agreement electronically at www.agcelerate.com. Signing electronically is preferable, however, paper copies are available at www.traitstewardship.com.

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Brian Weller
Western Region
507.456.3034
Dan Ritter
Central Region
219.863.0583
Branden Furseth
Northern Region
608.513.4265
Rod King
Eastern Region
574.596.6721
Terry Jones
Eastern Region
419.630.3115

enjoying our Agronomy Updates?  suggestions for topics you'd like us to weigh in on?  Drop us an email at dairylandseed@dairylandseed.com.  We'd love to hear from you!
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